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2009年高考英语试题分类汇编书面表达

文章来源:本站原创 作者:马利利 发布时间:2009年11月07日 点击数:

2009年高考英语试题分类汇编书面表达

一、(全国卷I海南、宁夏) 书面表达 Ks5u

假定你是李华,正在英国接受英语培训,住在一户英国人家里。今天你的房东Mrs Wilson 不在家,你准备外出,请给Mrs Wilson 写一留言条,内容包括: Ks5u

1.外出购物 Ks5u

2.替房东还书 Ks5u

3Tracy 来电话留言:1)咖啡屋(Bolton Coffee)见面取消 Ks5u

2)此事已告知Susan Ks5u

3) 尽快回电 Ks5u

注意:1. 词数100左右; Ks5u

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 Ks5u

 Ks5u

Mrs Wilson, Ks5u

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Ks5u

Li Hua Ks5u

【参考答案】 Ks5u

Mrs Wilson, Ks5u

I’m going out shopping, and won’t be back until about 5:00 pm. I have taken with me the two books you asked me to return to the City Library. At about 1 o’clock this afternoon, Tracy called, saying that she couldn’t meet you at Bolton Coffee tomorrow morning as she has something important to attend to. She felt very sorry about that, but said that you could set some other time for the meeting. She wanted you to call her back as soon as you are home. She has already told Susan about this change. Ks5u

Li Hua Ks5u

【解析】 Ks5u

作文题仍然同去年一样,属于提纲式要点作文,要求学生就所给内容写一张留言条,是学生比较熟悉的题材,体现了英语学习应该注意实用性,生活型的原则。应注意下面几点:1)注意人称,应该用第一人称的形式给房东(第二人称)写便条;2)注意时态的正确使用:从试题的内容上可以看出在表达要点12时应用将来时;而要点3中的几个方面则需要注意时态的替换,会用到一般过去时,现在时和将来时。3)注意恰当使用逻辑词语,是各个要点间逻辑连贯,行文通顺。提纲类书面表达不是简单的逐条翻译,而是将所给的几个要点合理的组成比较通顺的语句,因此要仔细组织语言,合理安排结构。在语言方面,要特别注意简洁明了,开头要开门见山。

 

二、2009.全国卷II书面表达(满分30分) ks5u ks5u

ks5u ks5u

假定你是李华,你的美国朋友sarah 打算暑期来北京旅游,来信询问改建后前门大街的情况。请你写封回信,简单介绍以下内容: ks5u ks5u

1.       简况:长800余米、600多年历史、300余家商铺; ks5u ks5u

2.       位置:天安门广场南面; ks5u ks5u

3.       交通:公共汽车176959等路,地铁2号线; ks5u ks5u

4.       特色:步行街、当当车、茶馆、剧院等。 ks5u ks5u

参考词汇:步行街 pedestrian street ks5u ks5u

当当车 trolley car ks5u ks5u

地铁 subway ks5u ks5u

注意: ks5u ks5u

1.       词数100左右; ks5u ks5u

2.       可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; ks5u ks5u

3.       开头语已为你写好,请将完整的回信书写在答题卡上。 ks5u ks5u

ks5u ks5u

Dear Sarah.  ks5u ks5u

Thank you for you letter asking about the rebuilt Qianmen street. Here is something about it.  ks5u ks5u

 

【答案】

Dear Sarah,

Thank you for your letter for asking about the rebuilt Qianmen Street. Here is something about it.

Qianmen Street is a famous street of over 600 years old. Along this 800-meter street, there are more than 300 shops. As the street is in the center of Beijing, just to the south of Tian’anmen Square, it’s very convenient to get there by bus. You may take Buses No. 17, 69 or 59. Subway Line 2 has a stop there too. Qianmen Street is a pedestrian street, but there are trolley cars to take you not only to the shops, but also to chatters and teahouses where you can experience a truly Chinese way of life. I’m sure you‘ll like it.

   【解析】

本文是书信格式,给出四个要点,属于常规文体,学生只要把四个要点写全,注意上下文,句与句之间的合理过渡即可。

三、(2009.北京卷):书面表达(共两节,35分)

第一节,        情景作文(20分)

假设你是红星中学高三一班的学生李华,为响应绿化祖国的号召,你班四月十二日去郊区植树,请根据以下四幅图的先后顺序,介绍植树活动的全过程,给某英文杂志的绿色行动专栏写一篇以“Green Action in Our Class”为题的英文稿件。

注意:词数不少于60

提示词:郊区 suburbs

第二节 开放作文(15分)

请根据下面提示,写一篇短文,词数不少于50

In your spoken English class, your teacher shows you the following picture. You are asked to describe the picture and explain how you understand it.

 

 

 

 

第四部分:书面表达(共两节,35分)

第一节    情景作文(20分)

一、内容要点:

1、  骑车去植树

2、  植树

3、  安插提示牌

4、  照相

二、说明:

内容要点可用不同方式表达

 

【答案】

One possible version:

Green Action in Our Class

April 12 is memorable because our class had a meaningful experience on that day. In the morning, we bicycled to the suburbs to plant trees, talking and laughing all the way. Upon arrival, we began to work immediately. Some were digging  holes. Some were carrying and planting young trees. Others were watering them. After getting the work done, we put up a board reminding people to protect the trees. Before leaving we took some photos to record our green action. Seeing the lines of trees, we all had a sense of achievement. We feel it’s our duty to protect and beautify our environment.

【解析】本文是设计巧妙的提纲要点式作文,与环保结合,立意较好。题材贴近学生实际,学生只要注意理清思路按照活动的内容和时间来写即可。

第二节 开放作文(15分)

【答案】

One possible version:

What an interesting picture! A Western young man, sitting at a table, is ready to eat a bowl of noodles. He is holding two forks the same way as we Chinese hold chopsticks. He is trying so hard to pick up the noodles that he is sweating a lot. At first glance, I think it’s a bit funny, for we Chinese take for granted that chopsticks are the tools for eating noodles. The man in the picture is trying to copy us. Obviously he is doing it the hard way. Maybe using one fork will do a better job, In my opinion, we don’t need to copy others’ ways of thinking. Sometimes a simpler way of doing things may be a better way.

【解析】本文是开放性作文,要求考生把握好图画内容,发散表达。考生重点要看出这个人是卷发高鼻的外国人,要体会到西式刀叉对中式食物的矛盾性。

四、(2009.天津卷)书面表达(满分25分)

61.假设你是晨光中学的学生会主席李华。学生会将举办每年一度的英语演讲比赛,本年度的主题为“The English Novel I Like Best”。作为组织者,你将在演讲比赛开幕时发言,请你根据以下提示用英语写一篇发言稿。

1. 说明比赛的意义,如提高英语听说能力,养成读书的习惯等;

2. 说明比赛的注意事项,如每人演讲不超过5分钟,语言流利,发音准确等;

3. 预祝比赛圆满成功。

注意:

1.       词数:不少于100词;

2.       可适当加入细节,以使行文连贯;

3.       发言稿的开头和结尾已为你写好,不计入词数。

Good afternoon, ladies and gentlemen,

Welcome to this year’s English speech competition.

此处不能答题

Thank you!

 

 

第二节

一、              评分原则

1.    本题总分为25分,按5个档次给分

2.    评分时,先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次,然后以该档次的要求来衡量,确定或调整档次,最后综合给分。

3.    词数少于100的,从总分中减去2分。

4.    评分时,应注意的主要内容为:内容要点、应用词汇和语法结构的数量和准确性、上下文的连贯性及语言的得体性。

5.    拼写与标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面。每错误书写3个单词从总分中减去1分,原则上不超过3分,重复的不计。英、美拼写及词汇用法均可接受。标点符号错误,将视其对交际的影响程度酌情减分。

6.    如书写较差,以至影响交际,将分数降低一个档次。

二、              内容要点

1.         说明比赛的意义,如提高英语听说能力,养成读书的习惯等;

2.         说明比赛的注意事项,如每人演讲不超过5分钟,语言流利,发音准确等;

3.         预祝比赛圆满成功。

【解析】本题属于提纲式作文,体裁为应用文中的演讲稿,题材内容贴近学生生活,给出要点表述较全,题的难度较小,考生注意一下几点即可:

1、学生在写作时对所给要点逐一陈述,适当发挥,不要逐条翻译,语言不要太书面化。

2、正确运用关联词,使上下文联系更加密切,逻辑性强。

3、注意要使所写内容和原文所给出的开头、结尾处衔接自然,浑然一体。

五、(2009.四川卷) 书面表达(满分35分)

假设你是李华。你的外国笔友Jane打算于七月来中国,特来信了解中国人的社交习俗。请你用英语回一封信,从以下几个方面作具体介绍。

1.         页面时的问候方式;

2.         对毛病伯回答方式;

3.         接收礼物时的回应方式;

4.         餐宴礼节。

注意:

1.         词数100左右,信的开头和结束语已为你写好(不计入总词数)。

2.         可根据内容要点适当增加细节,使行文连贯。

Dear Jane,

Glad to hear from you and you’re welcome to China in July.                                

                                                                                 

                                                                                

                                                                                  

                                                                                 

I hope what’s mentioned above might be helpful and wish you a good journey.

 

【答案】

Dear Jane,

Glad to hear from you and you’re welcome to China in July. The following are some Chinese customs.

Firstly, we greet each other by saying “Hello” or asking such questions as “Where are you going?” or “Are you busy?” to express our care. Secondly, when praised, we reply with “Oh, no!” or “I’m over-praised” to show good manners. Next, when receiving a gift, we usually say “It’s unnecessary” besides “Thanks” to show politeness and then put it away. Finally, at dinner parties, we talk loudly and touch glasses when drinking to someone’s health or success to show that we’re warm.

Anyhow, different cultures, different customs. If you “Do as the Romans do when in Rome”, you’ll enjoy more of your stay here.

I hope what’s mentioned above might be helpful and wish you a good journey.

Yours sincerely,

Li Hua

【解析】

本文是一种常规的书信体提纲式作文,要点有四,学生只要把四个要点用恰当的语言,条理的句子,合适的句式,表达完整,注意过渡和复杂句使用即可。

六、(2009.安徽卷)书面表达(满分25分)

假设你正在参加全省中学生英语演讲比赛,请你针对有些父母经常翻看孩子日记或书包这一现象,写一篇演讲稿,陈述你的观点。

演讲稿的主要内容应包括:

认为同学们不必为此苦恼;

希望能够体谅父母的苦衷;

建议与父母进行交流和沟通。注意:

1. 词数100左右;

2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3. 开头和结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数。

Good morning, ladies and gentleman.

Some of us are having problems with our parents, as they often look into our school bags or read our diaries.

                                                                             

                                                                            

Thank you!

【参考范文】

Good morning, ladies and gentlemen.

Some of us are having problems with our parents, as they often look into our school bags or read our diaries. I fully understand why we are not comfortable about it, but there’s no need to feel too sad. Our parents are checking our bags or diaries to make sure we’re not getting into any trouble. They have probably heard some horrible stories about other kids and thought we might do the same. Or perhaps they just want to connect with us but are dong it all wrong. My suggestion is: Tell them we want them to trust us as much as we’d like to trust them. If you don’t think you can talk to them, write them a letter and leave it lying around—thy are bound to read it.

Thank you!

【解析】

本文属于提纲类作文,体裁为应用文中的演讲稿,题材的现实性强,考生的话语较多,显见这种作文,难度不大,考生应注意基本语言和句式的运用,以及上下文的过渡。

七、(2009.山东卷) 书面表达(共两节,满分45分) Ks5u

 

第二节          写作(满分30分) Ks5u

假设你是李华,曾在美国学习半年,现已回国。你想联系你的美老师Mr. Smith,但没有其联系方式。请根据以下要点给你的美国同学Tom 写一封信: Ks5u

1.    感谢Tom对你英语学习的帮助; Ks5u

2.    询问Mr, smith 的近况并索要其联系方式; Ks5u

3.    邀请Tom在春节期间来中国感受中国文化。 Ks5u

注意:1. 词数120-150 Ks5u

2.可适当增加细节。 Ks5u

s5【答案】略

【解析】

本文仍属于半开放性体裁,与书写体结合给考生发挥的空间,考生按照三个要点的提示,用合适的句式,句型表达出来即可。

八、(2009.陕西卷)书面表达(满分30分) Ks5u

假定你是李华。在一个英文网络论坛上, 你看到一个名叫Grown-up的中学生发帖(post)寻求帮助, 请根据帖子内容, 写作要点和要求回贴。 Ks5u

 Ks5u

写作要点: Ks5u

1. 告诉Grown-up要理解母亲; Ks5u

2. Grown-up提出解决问题的具体建议。 Ks5u

要求: Ks5u

1. 短文需写在答题卡的指定区域。 Ks5u

2. 短文词数不少于80(不含已写好的部分)。 Ks5u

3. 内容充实, 结构完整, 语意连贯。 Ks5u

4. 书写须清晰、工整。 Ks5

【答案】

Hi, Grown-up,

As a student of your age, I understand your situation. The problem you are facing is common among our teenagers. However, it should be wise not to do anything that may hurt her feelings. Here are a few suggestions.

First, it’s advisable to talk more with your mom. Heart to heart talks help you understand each other better. They are also opportunities to let her know your ideas of and attitudes toward many things.

Second, you should learn to do your own things well, proving to your mom that you are already a “Grown-up”. It’s even better if you could share more of the housework, such as cleaning, washing and cooking.

【解析】

考生在写作中应该注意如下几点:

1. 文体:应用文(电子邮件)。

2. 主体时态:一般现在时。

3. 主体人称:第二人称。

4. 内容要点: 问题介绍;建议一;建议二;我的愿望。

亮点句式:

1.         The problem you are facing is common among our teenagers.

2.         Here are a few suggestions.

3.         it’s advisable to talk more with your mom.

4.         They are also opportunities to let her know your ideas of and attitudes towards many things.

5.         Second, you should learn to do your own things well.

九、(2009.江西卷) 书面表达(满分25分) Ks5u

学校即将举行以“Turning a bad mood(心情)into a good one ”为题目的英语作文比赛,请按下列要求定一篇100词左右的记叙文或议论文。

1.       好心情的重要性。 Ks5u

2.       产生坏心情的原因。 Ks5u

3.       应该如何调整心情。

记叙文                                    议论文

1.       发生的具体事件。 Ks5u

2.       对你的心情有何影响? Ks5u

3.       你如何应对?

 Ks5u

 Ks5u

 Ks5u

 Ks5u

 Ks5u

 

【解析】

今年依然是开放式的作文,只提出了一个话题“Turning a bad mood into a good one”, 并给出了体裁上的选择和内容上的简要提示。话题非常切合学生实际生活,考生只要按照要点去写,注意过渡即可。

 

十、(2009.江苏卷):书面表达(满分25分)

鼠标是计算机时代最佳的人机交互工具之一。它极大地方便了人们的计算机操作。但是,过分依赖鼠标的习惯也会带来一些不利影响。请你以鼠标为切入点,根据下表所提示的信息,用英语写一篇短文。

鼠标的必要性

对多数人来说,操作计算机,上网冲浪……

鼠标的便捷性

点击、移动、插入、拷贝、删除……

编辑文本,搜索信息……

收发邮件,选购商品……

点播音乐,下载电影……

如果过分依赖鼠标……  (请考生结合自身感受,列举两到三点)

 

注意:

1.对所给要点逐一陈述,适当发挥,不要简单翻译。

2.词数150左右。开头已经写好,不计人总词数。

3.作文中不得提及考生所在学校和本人姓名。

The mouse is a most effective device used by people to communicate with a computer

 

 

【参考范文】:

The mouse is a most effective device used by people to communicate with a computer

For most people, it’s almost impossible to operate a computer without a mouse, let alone surf the Internet. A well-chosen mouse is really handy, flexible and convenient in controlling the screen. With the functions of inserting, deleting, moving and copying, it enables us to edit test, browse web page and download what we want. It can even bring us a flood of music, movies and PC games. Just imagine, all this can be done with a cute mouse.

A convenient tool can certainly make our work easier, but it doesn’t always help in a positive way. Too much ready information on our fingertips leaves little room for knowledge pursuing. Too many ready answers make us less excited in finding truth. Relying too much on mouse clicking makes us lazier and less creative both mentally and physically.153 words

【解析】

本文为提纲式说明文体裁,所选内容与我们生活相关,考生只要把所给要点逐条陈述,适度发挥,不要逐条翻译即可。

十一、(2009.湖南卷)写作(满分25分)

假设你是某中学新老师李红,请给你的朋友张华写一封信,告诉他你第一天上课的情况,主要内容如下:

1. 描述一件课堂上令你印象深刻的事情;

2. 介绍你处理该事的方式;

3. 谈谈你的感想。

注意:

1. 词数不少于120个;

2. 可适当发挥想象,增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3. 文中不得出现与本人及学校相关的任何真实信息。

【参考答案】

Dear Zhang Hua,

It’s three months since I heard from you last time. Now I want to tell you an impressive story happened on my first lesson.

On hearing the bell, students ran into the classroom as quickly as they can. But a boy, Li Ming, whose father died a month ago, was late for the class. He stood outside the classroom, silently. I smiled to him and let him came in. After a while, he cried on his desk. Then I walked to him and asked what had happened .He told me that his mother was ill and he had to take some medicine for her. At the same time, he apologized to me for his lateness. Moved by his words, I praised him for his deeds and decided to sing a song named “Mother” for the students. How time flies! Class was over before I realized it.

From the story I felt we should respect our parents and do our best to help them. Do you think so? I’m looking forward to your reply.

 

Yours truly,

Li Hong

【解析】

本文属于半开放性提纲式书信体,要点有三,选材学生熟悉,也是发生在他们身边的故事,学生只要把握准情景和要求,使表达的内容不走题即可。

十二、(2009.湖北卷):短文写作(共1;满分25分, ks5u

假设你是华华,与英国网友汤姆约定用对方的母语通信,以提高各自的外语水平。最近你收到汤姆的电子邮件(附后),发现有一个成语使用不当。请根据下列要点,用英文回一封电子邮件。 ks5u

要点: ks5u

1.不应使用无所不为,应使用无所事事”; ks5u

2.说明这两个成语的用法; ks5u

3.给予鼓励。 ks5u

注意:  1.词数为1叨左右; ks5u

2.参考释义:无所不为一do all kinds of bad things ks5u

无所事事一have nothing to do ks5u

3.除以上两个成语外,邮件中不得使用其它汉字或拼音; ks5u

4. 电子邮件的开头和结尾已为你写好(不计人你所写词数),但不得抄人答题卡。 ks5u

附(汤姆的邮件): ks5u

华华,你好! ks5u

近几天在忙什么事?有什么有意思的事吗?我们的学校放假了,所以这几天在家无所不为,饱食终日,只好上网发伊妹儿。没意思。我决定找份工作,做个自食其力的人。祝好! ks5u

汤姆 ks5u

(以下所给内容不得抄入答题卡) ks5u

Hi! Tom ks5u

Nice to read your e-mail today. I noticed you’ve begun to use Chinese idioms and used most of them correctly. ks5u

ks5u

Hop you’ll find a good job soon. ks5u

Huahua ks5u

 ks5u

 ks5u

【答案】

Hi! Tom ks5u

Nice to read your e-mail today. I noticed you’ve begun to use Chinese idioms and used most of them correctly. ks5u

However, I’m afraid there is one mistake I’d like to point out. It is “无所不为”. This idiom means “do all kinds of bad things”. Are you doing all kinds of bad things at home? I guess what you were really trying to say is that you’ve got nothing to do these days. In that case, you should use “无所事事” . We usually use “无所不为” to express the idea that people dare to do anything bad, and “无所事事” to describe the situation in which people have got nothing meaningful to do. Have I made myself clear? ks5u

Anyway, I’m amazed at the progress you’ve made. ks5u

Hop you’ll find a good job soon. ks5u

Huahua ks5u

【解析】

本文题材现实性强,属于较为保守的提纲式作文,考生只要审好题按照要点去表达即可。

十三、(2009.福建卷) 书面表达(满分25分) Ks5u

某英语报社拟成立微笑俱乐部,现向癸未征募会员。要求申请者提交一篇题为“I want to Smile”的英语短文。请你以申请者的身份,根据以下思路图的提示用英语写一篇短文。 Ks5u

注意: Ks5u

1.       根据思路图适当展开,以使行文连贯; Ks5u

2.       词数:120左右 Ks5u

I Want to Smile Ks5u

                                                                                

                                                                             
【答案】

One Possible Version Ks5u

There are many advantages of smiling. It can not only make us happy, but also please others. If we smile at life, life will smile on us in return. So I want to smile at all whenever and wherever possible, Ks5u

First, I would like to smile at my parents because they have given me life and take all the trouble to bring me up. They arrange almost everything for me. With their help, I have made great progress. I would like to say “Thank you” to them with a smile. Then my smile should go to myself, for only in this way can I gain more confidence in smiling my troubles away and live a better life.  

In a word, let’s greet every day with a smile. Tomorrow is another day.  Ks5u

【解析】

本文为图画式作文,做题的关键是---审题,考生要把握如下几点:

1.     文体:说明文。

2.     主体时态:一般现在时。

3.     主体人称:第一人称。

4.     内容要点:微笑的优点;想对其微笑的人物(父母);对父母微笑的理由;对自己微笑的理由;总结。

十四、(2009.广东卷) 写作(共两节,满分40分)

第一节  基础写作(共1小题,满分15分)

你是校报小记者,最近进行了一次采访。以下是这次采访的情况:

时间: 上周末

对象: 眼科医生(eye-doctor教授

主题: 我国中小学生近视(short-sightedness)问题

基本信息: 1)发生率: 略高于50

2)人数: 世界第一

专家解读: 1)原因: 很复杂

2)治疗: 没有哪一种药物能治愈近视

3)建议: 不要过度用眼;多参加户外活动

4)特别提示: 如何握笔也和近视有关

 [写作内容]

根据以上情况写一篇采访报道,并包括如下内容:

1. 采访的时间、对象和主题;

2. 中小学生近视的发生率及人数;

3. 专家解读。

 [写作要求]

只能使用5个句子表达全部内容。

 [评分标准]

句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章结构连贯。

 

【答案】Last weekend, I had an interview with eye-doctor Professor Wang about our country primary and middle students’ short-sightedness. It is said that slightly more than 50% students, which ranks the No. 1 in the world, are short-sighted. Professor Wang said the reason of short-sightedness is complicated and three is still no cure for short-sightedness. He suggested that we should not overuse our eyes and do more outdoor exercises. What’s more, since the holding of pen has something to do with the short-sightedness, we need to pay attention to using the pen.

【解析】

本文题材贴近学生实际生活,这个话题真正的做到话题来源于学生实际生活。近视眼是每个校园所必不可少的现象,是学生校园生活得隐形热点。因此今年的基础写作题目让每个学生都有话可说。考生要注意三大要点和表格内容,恰当表达即可。

十五、(2009.辽宁卷) 书面表达 (满分25分)  ks5u

假定你住在一个涉外小区。社区委员会请你帮忙用英文以短文的形式写一封电子邮件,将周末农家采摘活动的安排传达给住户。  ks5u

要点:  ks5u

时间:下周六上午8001100  ks5u

内容:采摘苹果  ks5u

报名:办公室,下周四下午500  ks5u

提示:带帽子、手套  ks5u

注意:  ks5u

1. 词数100左右,开头已为你写好。  ks5u

2. 可适当增加细节以使行文连贯。  ks5u

3. 参考词汇:社区 community  ks5u

第二节:  ks5u

 

一、 评分原则  ks5u

1.       本题总分为25分, 5个档次给分。  ks5u

2.       评分时,先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次,然后以该档次的要求来衡量,确定或调整档次,最后给分。  ks5u

3.       词数少于80和多余120的,从总分中减去2分。  ks5u

4.       评分时应注意的主要内容为:内容要点、应用词汇和语法结构的丰富性和准确性及上下文的连贯性。  ks5u

5.       拼写与标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面。评分时,应视其对交际的影响程度予以考虑。英、美拼写及词汇用法均可接受。  ks5u

6.       如书写较差以至影响交际,将其分数降低一个档次。  ks5u

二、内容要点  ks5u

1.       时间:下周六上午800 1100  ks5u

2.       内容:采摘苹果  ks5u

3.       报名:办公室,下周四下午500  ks5u

4.       提示:带帽子、手套  ks5u

5.       欢迎踊跃参加  ks5u

【解析】本题命制稳健,是中学教学中最为常见的提纲式作文。给出要点学生有话可说。

第一步:审题

1、 看要求:本题要求以短文的形式写一封电子邮件,将周末农家采摘活动的安排传达给住户。开头已经写好,这样格式应该已经给出,审题的重点放在要点和要求上:要点有五项,注意有三项,但注意的第一项是重要的一项。  ks5u

2、 理思路:调整要点,讲清本次活动的安排。可以先将活动的时间,活动的内容,要求、注意事项表达出来;然后再写53要点,这样逻辑清晰表达合理。

第二步:写作

可以先在草纸上起草,用自己最有把握的句型、单词、短语去表达,要尝试最简单的复杂句,如用定语从句、宾语从句等,但句式不易过于复杂,要用一些恰当的连词,使句与句之间、段与段之间过渡自然。

第三步:检查

作文写完后,最后要进行检查。重点放在要点写全了吗?时态、语态、动词的数、单词拼写对了吗?标点符号、大小写用对了吗?检查完后再抄写在试卷上,注意卷面的整洁。

十六、(2009.浙江卷):书面表达(满分30分) ks5u

51,高二(3)班的学生志愿者Li Yue Zhang Hua 去阳光敬老院(Sunshine Nursing Home)开展志愿者活动(送水果.打扫.聊天等)。假如你是校英语报的记者,请按下列要点用英语写一则100-120个词的新闻报道。 ks5u

1.时间.地点.任务.活动; ks5u

2.老人们的反应; ks5u

3.简短评论。 ks5u

注意:报道的标题和记者姓名已给出(不记词数)。 ks5u

 ks5u

Student Volunteers Brought Sunshine to the Elderly ks5u

 ks5【参考范文】 ks5u

Student Volunteers Brought Sunshine to the Elderly ks5u

On May Day, Li Yue and Zhang Hua, students from Class Three, Grade Two, went to Sunshine Nursing Home and did some voluntary work. Upon their arrival, Li Yue and Zhang Hua were warmly welcomed, and respectfully, they presented the elderly with flowers and fruits. Then, they started working at once, cleaning the windows and sweeping the floor. Everything done, they sat in the yard chatting with the elderly people. ks5u

When it was time for the volunteers to leave, the elderly people thanked them for their kindness. They said it was such a beautiful day that they would remember it forever. ks5u

Li Yue and Zhang Hua were very happy. What they did has brought joy to others and enriched their own lives. ks5u

By Chen Jie, School Newspaper ks5u

【解析】

本文仍属于提纲式半开放性体裁的作文,选材贴近学生实际,有利于考生的正常发挥,考生只要按照所给要点的思路来写即可。

十七、(2009.重庆卷) 书面表达(满分25分) Ks5u

国外某网站举办新一轮网上讨论活动,正面向全球中学生征集话题。假设你是新华中学的学生李华,经常访问该网站。现请你用英文给该网站发送一封电子邮件,向其推荐话题。 Ks5u

内容包括: Ks5u

自我简介 Ks5u

写信目录 Ks5u

话题:我们应该感恩(thankful Ks5u

推荐的理由 Ks5u

预祝活动成功 Ks5u

注意: Ks5u

1.词数100左右 Ks5u

2.邮件格式已为你给出 Ks5u

3.邮件中不能出现本人真实信息 Ks5u

4.请在答题卡上作答 Ks5u

【参考范文】略 Ks5u

【解析】

这是一篇命题巧妙地书写体半开发性提纲式作文。话题树有教育意义,符合中学实际引导学生思考问题。在写作中应注意如下几点:

1. 紧紧围绕话题“我们应该感恩”。

2. 但自我简介、 Ks5u写信目录 Ks5u、推荐的理由 Ks5u、预祝活动成功都是围绕话题展开。

3. 注意分清段落层次,上下文的过渡。

 

 

十八、(2009.上海卷)Guided Writing

Directions: Write an English composition in 120-150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese.

某海外学校举办英语夏令营,开设了如下课程:园艺(gardening),烹饪(cooking,防身术(self-defence),护理(nursing)。假如你是王跃华(不可以用自己的真实姓名),写一封申请信,报名参加其中一门课程的学习。信的内容必须包括:

你感兴趣的课程

你期望从这门课程中学到什么

为什么想学这些内容

【参考范文】(略)

【解析】本文是书信格式,报名参加其中一门课程的学习,属于半开放式作文。学生在写作时应注意如下几点:

1.       先谈自己感兴趣的学科,从四科中选取自己最有把握和有话可说学科,这是写作的关键,过渡要自然;

2. 再写自己希望学到什么,要把握实用性。

3. 然后谈出想学这些内容的原因,结合现实,理由合情合理。

4. 在写作过程中可以尝试句型的复杂化,适度增加情节。

2009.广东卷)  读写任务(共1小题,满分25分)

阅读下面的短文,然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。

Jackie is perhaps the most easily annoyed koala(考拉)at the Featherdale Wildlife Park in southern Australia. All the koalas there are unhappy and complaining. You would be too if you were used to night activities and someone kept waking you up all day while you were trying to sleep it off. That’s rightsleep it off. The average koala is always half asleep because it feeds on the leaves of a special kind that makes it sleepy.

The reason Jackie and her fellow koalas are repeatedly awoken from their deep sleep is so they can be hugged and photographed by touristswho make the trips to Featherdale and an increasing number of other national parks for just that special experience. Whatever department in the Aussie government in charge of such things is now moving to make the practice illegalwhich is understandable. How would you reactmy friendif you were trying to sleep off a dozen times and some roundfurry creature smelling of grass kept waking you?

* 考拉即树袋熊

 [写作内容]

1. 以约30个词概括这段短文的内容;

2. 然后以约120个词就该不该禁止游客和动物拍照进行议论,内容包括:

1)人们在参观动物园时为什么喜欢和动物拍照;

2)假如你处在那些动物的处境,你会有什么反应;

3)你认为是否应该禁止游客和动物拍照。

 [写作要求]

1. 在作文中可以使用自己亲身的经历或虚构的故事,也可以参照阅读材料的内容但不得直接引用原文中的句子;

2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。

 [评分标准]

概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,篇章连贯。

【答案】The passage narrates that koalas who are repeatedly awoken from their deep sleep are unhappy and complaining for tourists taking photos. The author appeals to us to be more kind to animals.

The reasons why tourists like taking photos of the animals in the zoo perhaps vary from people to people. Some think it a happy reminder of their visit to the zoo or the animals, while others may consider it just sort of fun to have. But anyway they may not share the deep feelings of the animals.

If I were in the same position as the animal in the zoo, my reaction would be very severe strongly against being photographed. No having peaceful surroundings to sleep, don’t you suffer restless and fidgets. No doubt we do and so do the animals.

I think it necessary to ban tourists’ taking pictures with animals, making a comfortable environment for them to live and regarding them as our friends, so as to found harmonious relations with animals.

 

【解析】

今年的读写任务让学生就该不该禁止游客和动物拍照展开议论。议论文的写作有助于培养学生正确的价值观,纠正不正确的价值观。今年的读写任务暗中旨在培养学生保护野生动物的观念、把多一点的空间还给动物的观念、与动物和谐共存的观念。

如果考生从应该禁止游客和动物拍照这一观点入手的话就迎合了阅读材料,同时也能够受到改卷老师的青睐。

 

 

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